Understanding Dyspnoea

Posted by e-Medical PPT Saturday, October 2, 2010

Dyspnoea also called shortness of breath (SOB) is a debilitating symptom that is the experience of unpleasant or uncomfortable respiratory sensations.It is a common symptom of numerous medical disorders, particularly those involving the cardiovascular and respiratory systems;Dyspnoea on exertion (or exertional dyspnea) is the most common presenting complaint for people with respiratory impairment.

Pulmonary disorders
* Obstructive lung disease-Asthma,Bronchitis,Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,Cystic fibrosis,Emphysema
* Diseases of lung parenchyma and pleura
Pneumonia,Fibrosing alveolitis,Atelectasis,Hypersensitivity pneumonitis,Interstitial lung disease,Lung cancer,Pleural effusion,Pneumothorax,Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema or acute respiratory distress syndrome
* Pulmonary vascular diseases
Pulmonary emboli,Pulmonary hypertension,Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease,Superior vena cava syndrome

Disorders of the cardiovascular system
* Aortic dissection
* Cardiomyopathy
* Congenital heart disease
* Heart failure
* Ischaemic heart disease
* Pericardium disorders, including:Cardiac tamponade,Constrictive pericarditis,Pericardial effusion
* Valvular heart disease

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