Osteoarthritis of The Knee

Posted by e-Medical PPT Saturday, October 2, 2010
Osteoarthritis of the knee is common in people over 50 years of age, in particular in women. It can affect unilaterally or bilaterally however it occurs more commonly on the inner (medial) aspect of the knee. More than 10 million Americans are suffering from knee joint osteoarthritis. It is also the most common cause of disability in the United States. Early diagnosis and treatment help manage knee osteoarthritis symptoms.
Knee osteoarthritis pain is usually worse following activity, especially overuse of the affected knee. Stiffness can worsen after sitting for prolonged periods of time. As knee osteoarthritis progresses, symptoms generally become more severe. Pain can become continuous rather than only when weight-bearing.

Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis
* Knee supports/braces - Valgus unloader braces have been proven to provide pain relief in some cases of medial compartment osteoarthritis, by reducing the load on that compartment. Buy knee supports and braces online - UK / - USA
* NSAID's- Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs such as ibuprofen can provide some temporary pain relief.
* Weight Loss - As obesity is associated with the onset of osteoarthritis, weight loss, if needed, can have a significant effect on slowing the disease progression.
* Exercise Program –A specific exercise program can help to maintain healthy cartilage and range of motion of the joint. In addition, keeping the attaching muscles and tendons conditioned and strong will aid in the joint's stability.
* Muscle relaxants- These are usually administered in low doses and can relieve pain that arises from muscles strained in an attempt to support osteoarthritic joints.
* Heat and Cold Treatments - Local application of heat and cold can help with relief from pain and inflammation after exercise.
* Viscosupplementation - A viscosupplement can be administered as an injection by a clinician. This substance helps to lubricate the knee joint and can decrease the amount of inflammation.
* Knee Replacement - both half and total knee replacements are available in very advanced osteoarthritic knees.

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