Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Posted by e-Medical PPT Thursday, October 14, 2010
Congenital heart disease is a type of defect in one or more structures of the heart or blood vessels that occur before birth.
* Congenital heart defects occur while the fetus is developing in the uterus.
* They affect 8 to 10 out of every 1,000 children. Congenital heart defects may produce symptoms at birth, during childhood and sometimes not until adulthood.
* About 500,000 adults in the United States have grown into adulthood with congenital heart disease. This number increases by about 20,000 each year.

The most common congenital heart disorders affecting adults are:
* Congenital valve defects
* Atrial and ventricular septal defects
* Patent Foramen Ovale
* Anomalous Pulmonary Veins
* Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA)
* Ebstein Anomaly
* Pulmonary Artery Stenosis
* Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
* Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)
* Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
* Pulmonary Hypertension
Congenital heart defects may be diagnosed before birth, right after birth, during childhood or not until adulthood. It is possible to have a defect and no symptoms at all. In adults, if symptoms of congenital heart disease are present, they may include:
* shortness of breath
* poor exercise tolerance
Treatment is based on the severity of the congenital heart disease. Some mild heart defects do not require any treatment.Others can be treated with medications, invasive procedures or surgery.

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