Childhood and Adolescent Obesity

Posted by e-Medical PPT Thursday, September 9, 2010
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's wellbeing.The diagnosis of obesity is often based on Body mass index(BMI). Due to the rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern.
The first problems to occur in obese children are usually emotional or psychological.Childhood obesity can also lead to life-threatening conditions including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep problems, cancer, and other disorders.Some of the other disorders would include liver disease, early puberty or eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia, skin infections, and asthma and other respiratory problems.Obesity during adolescence has been found to increase mortality rates during adulthood.
Childhood obesity is often the result of an interplay between many genetic and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in various genes controlling appetite and metabolism predispose individuals to obesity when sufficient calories are present. As such obesity is a major feature of a number of rare genetic conditions(Prader-Willi syndrome,Congenital leptin deficiency,Leptin receptor mutations) that often present in childhood.

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