TORCH Infections

Posted by e-Medical PPT Saturday, July 10, 2010
TORCH for Toxoplasmosis,Other infections( Syphilis), Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, HErpes simplex
They are a group of viral, and bacterial, infections that pass to the fetal bloodstream transplacentally via the chorionic villi. Hematogenous transmission may occur at any time during gestation or occasionally at the time of delivery via maternal-to-fetal transfusion.
Symptoms of a TORCH infection may include fever and poor feeding. The newborn is often small for gestational age. A petechial rash on the skin may be present, with small reddish or purplish spots due to bleeding from capillaries under the skin. An enlarged liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly) is common, as is jaundice. Hearing impairment, eye problems, mental retardation, autism, and death can be caused by TORCH infections. The mother often has a mild infection with few or no symptoms.Diagnosis can be confirmed by culture of one of the specific pathogens or by increased levels of IgM against the pathogen.

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