Sudden infant death syndrome

Posted by e-Medical PPT Friday, July 16, 2010
Sudden death of an infant under 1 year old that can not be explained despite: autopsy within 24’ including skeletal survey, toxic and metabolic screens prompt examination of the death scene including interviews of household members by knowledgeable indevidual,review of the clinical history from caretaker, key medical providers and medical records SIDS is a diagnosis of exclusion. It should only be applied to an infant whose death is sudden and unexpected and remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate postmortem investigation including:
  • an autopsy;
  • investigation of the scene and circumstances of the death
  • exploration of the medical history of the infant and family
Prenatal risk facors for
* maternal nicotine use (tobacco or nicotine patch)
* inadequate prenatal care
* inadequate prenatal nutrition
* subsequent births less than one year apart[9]
* alcohol use
* infant being overweight
* maternal obesity
* Teen pregnancy
* infant's sex (60% of SIDS cases occur in males)
Some of the Post-natal risks are low birth weight,premature birth,prone sleep position,hyper or hypothermia and not breastfeeding.
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