Skull Deformities in Pediatrics

Posted by e-Medical PPT Friday, July 30, 2010
In an infant, the skull is not one solid bone, it is bony plates separated by fibrous sutures. The infant's skull consists of the metopic suture, coronal sutures, sagittal suture, and lambdoid sutures. These sutures allow the skull to expand as an infant's brain develops.Craniosynostosis is a condition in which one or more of the fibrous sutures in an infant skull prematurely fuses. This results in restricted skull and brain growth.It is estimated that craniosynostosis affects 1 in 2,000 live births.It can be the result of an inherited syndrome or sporadic. The most common causes of syndromic craniosynostosis are Crouzon syndrome and Apert syndrome.
Deformational plagiocephaly or flathead syndrome,is a condition most commonly found in infants and is characterized by a flat spot on the back or one side of the head caused by remaining in one position for too long.
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