Common Pediatric Foot Deformities

Posted by e-Medical PPT Thursday, July 15, 2010

Pediatric foot deformity is a term that includes a range of conditions that may affect the bones, tendons, and muscles of the foot.
Cavus foot is a condition in which the child has an excessively high arch. In many cases, the heel of the foot is turned inward; this is known as cavo-varus foot. The condition frequently affects both feet and is often progressive.A cavo-varus foot that develops over time can indicate the presence of a neurologic problem.
Children with tarsal coalition develop an abnormal connection between the bones in the midsection and back part of the foot. It is usually diagnosed in late childhood or early adolescence when the coalition begins to limit foot movement, causing pain and sometimes stiffness. Symptoms may be particularly noticeable when walking on an uneven surface, such as sand or gravel, an action that requires constant adjustment of the foot. Frequent ankle sprains may also signal the presence of a coalition.
A clubfoot, or congenital talipes equinovarusis a congenital deformity involving one foot or both. The affected foot appears rotated internally at the ankle. Talipes equinovarusisis classified into 2 groups: Postural TEV or Structural TEV. It is a common birth defect, occurring in about one in every 1,000 live births. Approximately 50% of cases of clubfoot are bilateral. This occurs in males more often than in females by a ratio of 2:1.
The deformities affecting joints of the foot occur at three joints of the foot to varying degrees. They are
* Inversion at subtalar joint
* Adduction at talonavicular joint and
* Equinus at ankle joint
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1 Response to Common Pediatric Foot Deformities

  1. Anonymous Says:
  2. picture: pedes equinovari

     

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