Infective Endocarditis in Children

Posted by e-Medical PPT Tuesday, June 8, 2010
Infective endocarditis(IE) is an infection of the endocardium of the heart. The cardiac effects of this infection include severe valvular insufficiency, which may lead to intractable congestive heart failure and myocardial abscesses.
Rheumatic heart disease accounts for less than 20% of cases, and 6% of patients with rheumatic heart disease eventually develop Infective endocarditis.Approximately 50% of elderly patients have calcific aortic stenosis as the underlying pathology. Congenital heart disease accounts for 15% of cases, with the bicuspid aortic valve being the most common example.. Atrial septal defect is rarely associated with Infective endocarditis.Prosthetic valve endocarditis accounts for 10-20% of cases of IE. Overall, staphylococcus aureus infection is the most common cause of IE.
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